The social work team of Tartu University is engaged in an international research on social inclusion of marginalised and vulnerable groups in the Balitc Region (SIBREC), financed by the Swedish Institute.
The overarching objective is to work on social inclusion of marginalised and vulnerable groups in the Baltic region by combining ecologic initiatives, social care and entrepreneurship. An example is to establish in a remote area a social enterprise where disabled people are integrated in the local community by taking part in social, ecological and farming activities. On a more strategic level it is the challenge to integrate different domains and disciplines in creating stronger community live aiming at sustainability and social responsibility.
SIBREC project partners are from 7 organisations and 5 countries. Coordinator is Relearn Suderbyn (Sweden), partner organizations are Tartu University, Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania), Baltic Ecovillage Network, Latvian Community Initiatives Foundation, Transition Järna (Sweden) ja Resource (Russia).
The project is seen as a first step in creating one or more Nordic European networks on this theme and to develop innovations, supported by research, for improving social inclusion in a sustainable perspective.
As areas to explore, the project team identified in its first meeting in Riga the following:
1. Research & evidence based conceptual framework
2. Education for people without special needs (courses in university, school)
3. Education for the marginalised/vulnurable groups
4. Therapy through natural building, permaculture. Nature therapy and riding therapy
5. Transformational green business
6. Integration & acceptance in the mainstream society
7. Living & working together (community).
The macro perspective behind the project was found in the concepts of multilevel strategy and social entrepreneurship. Multilevel means a constructive interplay between all actors (vertical and horizontal). Social entrepreneurship is to characterize as aiming at social objectives by not-for-profit enterprises that are transparent, based on the principle of social justice and sustainability, and engaging stakeholders, among them volunteers and target groups representatives.
The specific role of Tartu University in this stage of the project is to collect good practices, to analyse EU and Estonian policy documents, and from there to develop together with all partners the conceptual framework. Project activities are related to the master course SHSS.02.008 International Social Policy, International Social Work and Community Work.
Dagmar Narusson dagmar.narusson [ät] ut.ee
Hans van Ewijk hans.van.ewijk [ät] ut.ee
In this project, we will bring the techniques and tools for Secure Multiparty Computation (SMC) to a level where they can be applied to decisional and computational pröblems of practical size in several different social and economic sectors. To achieve this, we will apply a multi-pronged research effort to build the theoretical foundations for the practical aspects of SMC application. Our project will combine the identification of a representative set of computational problems, the development of appropriate cryptographic and other tools for solving those probiems in a privacy-preserving manner, the study of incentives of various parties to participate in privacy-preserving computations, and the exploration of practical limits and trade-offs in the deployment of SMC solutions. All these research areas will be explored in tight cooperation, as advances in any of them will shift priorities in all other areas. Through the integrated effort we hope to build a framework that allows us to place any multiparty computation problem in the appropriate context and to see whether and how the privacy issues in this problem can be mitigated. While cryptographic techniques for SMC have been studied before in Europe, our quest for identifying the other enablers of SMC through an integrated research effort appears to be novel. We believe that the research activities structured in this manner will in the fastest possible way bring us closer to our long-term goal of the privacy requirements of the input data of a computation notbeing a consideration whetherto perform it.
The aim of this project is to analyse how local welfare provision affects the labour market participation of women, and how female employment in turn affects the life-course (of women and men), structures of inequality, social cohesion and hence the sustainability of the European social model. Two types of welfare provision have been singled out to be of major importance for female employment: care and human capital investments. The project will analyse the political autonomy of local political actors vis-ä-vis national and EU policy making, including culture as an important explanatory variable. Culture is included in two dimensions: First, women's disposition to participate on the labour market is seen as culturally embedded, while cultural ideals and values play an important role in how policies are perceived and rendered practically useful by women Second, local cultural values and belief systems condition creativity among political actors and stakeholders, and thus impact on local policies, which may divert from national or intemational intentions. The project will thus provide a basis for understanding how culture may constrain the transferability of best practices from one country/locality to another. Overall this project will pave the way for evidence based urban policy recommendations for local welfare system improvement in order to enhance economic growth, female employment and social cohesion..
European evidence base
The network will identify all available research, update and extend the EU Kids Online publicly accessible database (adding summaries of recent findings and including all member states) to pinpoint strengths and gaps in the existing evidence base.
Hypotheses and comparisons
The network will conduct in depth statistical analyses of the comparative data from EU Kids Online II in response to the questions arising from ongoing research and policy debates, and will publish these in a series of concise research reports.
Exploring children’s understanding of risk
The network will explore new and creative ways to research the meanings of risk online for children, using methodological innovations and traditional approaches to generate focused and comparable qualitative findings.
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK.
MEDIADEM seeks to understand and explain the factors that promote (or conversely hinder) the development of policies for free and independent media. The project will combine a country-based study in Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey and the UK with a comparative analysis across media sectors and types of media services, and will investigate the complex array of policy approaches and regulatory and self-regulatory practices established to safeguard media freedom and independence. In order to verify whether regulatory measures actually advance a more democratic political order through the diversification of media outlets, sources and content, the project will place them in their proper sociopolitical, economic and cultural context, and will examine how state and non-state perceptions about the role the media should play in contemporary society influence the implementation of the norms enacted.
Background information report (The case of Estonia)
Case study report (The case of Estonia)
ESS7 Cognitive Interviewing
A comparative research project on media accountability and transparency in EU member states as indicators for media pluralism in Europe. The project will provide pioneer work in analysing the development and impact of established media accountability systems (i.e. press councils, ethics codes) as well as new media accountability systems emerging in the Internet (i.e. media criticism in blogs, online ombudsmen) on journalists and media managers in the various journalism cultures and media systems in Europe. The project will be a joint interdisciplinary effort of a team of 12 partners from Eastern and Western Europe as well as from the Arab world. The practical outcome of the project will be formulation of media-policy recommendations.
Social Network Sites have gained in popularity around the world. Examples include global giants, such as Facebook, and national or regional Social Network Sites, such as rate.ee in Estonia and werkennt-wen.de in Germany. The aim of the proposed research project is to gain a better understanding of both the economic and cultural processes associated with the increasing popularity of Social Network Sites. The understanding of the economic implications includes the understanding of companies’ choice of strategy, both domestically and internationally, as well as the impact that Social Network Sites have on the success of corporate media content. The understanding of the cultural implications of Social Network Sites includes the understanding of the users’ demand for cultural proximity in Social Network Sites and the extent to which they use Social Network Sites for the processes of crosscultural dialogue and the reproduction of cultural identity. The proposed research will include Estonia and Germany as case studies, which will both serve as starting points for studying companies’ strategies and for studying users’ behavior and preferences. The methodology that will be applied includes 1) semi-structured, indepth interviews with companies’ managers, 2) online user surveys and focus group interviews with users, and 3) desk-research related to the trade press and companies’ documentations, as well as the study of market reports and statistics.
This proposal draws upon the experiences of young people who have been subjected to online grooming, along with accounts from specific groups of youth with known vulnerabilities, and those adults who have offended. This rich and unique data set is largely gained from existing therapeutic alliances and is analysed alongside of a systematic review of both published and unpublished material drawn from twenty EU member counties as well as the US and Russia. Central to the proposal is the accounts from young people, obtained through interviews and focus groups, which will be analysed using qualitative methods. 30 semi-structured interviews by therapists across 6 countries will target experiences of grooming behaviour from the perspective of the young people. In addition 7 countries will engage with specific groups of young people, using focus group methodology, to explore perceived vulnerabilities and resiliencies. These accounts will be integrated with a smaller data set drawn from 20 interviews with offenders who have been convicted of grooming offences. The interviews will take place in three countries by the offender's key workers. This triangulation of data sources will ensure the quality of the data analysis and help generate a theoretical model which will inform future research, practice and policy. This work will expand the knowledge of practitioners working with both young people and offenders through: a systematic analysis of existing research and practice publications; the development of interview tools to help with the collection of future information from children; the identification of vulnerabilities and resiliencies across different groups of young people; an examination of the experiences of both youth and offenders to strengthen the protection of young people in the online environment. This work will continue beyond the life of the project through the materials generated and the networks formed, and will be disseminated though practice and academic publications and the development of web based platforms for sharing both current and future research within a scientist-practitioner framework.
Economic Change, Quality of Life and Social Cohesion
Sociogeek - An international research project for a comparative study on self-exhibition on Web 2.0
Peer Violence in the Public Space. Everyday Experiences of Young Teenagers in Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods.